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Example 1

worker_processes  5;  ## Default: 1
error_log  logs/error.log;
pid        logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 8192;

events {
  worker_connections  4096;  ## Default: 1024
}

http {
  include    conf/mime.types;
  include    /etc/nginx/proxy.conf;
  include    /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
  index    index.html index.htm index.php;

  default_type application/octet-stream;
  log_format   main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local]  $status '
    '"$request" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
  access_log   logs/access.log  main;
  sendfile     on;
  tcp_nopush   on;
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; # this seems to be required for some vhosts

  server { # php/fastcgi
    listen       80;
    server_name  domain1.com www.domain1.com;
    access_log   logs/domain1.access.log  main;
    root         html;

    location ~ \.php$ {
      fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:1025;
    }
  }

  server { # simple reverse-proxy
    listen       80;
    server_name  domain2.com www.domain2.com;
    access_log   logs/domain2.access.log  main;

    # serve static files
    location ~ ^/(images|javascript|js|css|flash|media|static)/  {
      root    /var/www/virtual/big.server.com/htdocs;
      expires 30d;
    }

    # pass requests for dynamic content to rails/turbogears/zope, et al
    location / {
      proxy_pass      http://127.0.0.1:8080;
    }
  }

  upstream big_server_com {
    server 127.0.0.3:8000 weight=5;
    server 127.0.0.3:8001 weight=5;
    server 192.168.0.1:8000;
    server 192.168.0.1:8001;
  }

  server { # simple load balancing
    listen          80;
    server_name     big.server.com;
    access_log      logs/big.server.access.log main;

    location / {
      proxy_pass      http://big_server_com;
    }
  }
}

Example 2

user  www www;

worker_processes  2;

pid /var/run/nginx.pid;

#                          [ debug | info | notice | warn | error | crit ]

error_log  /var/log/nginx.error_log  info;

events {
    worker_connections   2000;

    # use [ kqueue | epoll | /dev/poll | select | poll ];
    use kqueue;
}

http {

    include       conf/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;


    log_format main      '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] '
                         '"$request" $status $bytes_sent '
                         '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" '
                         '"$gzip_ratio"';

    log_format download  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] '
                         '"$request" $status $bytes_sent '
                         '"$http_referer" "$http_user_agent" '
                         '"$http_range" "$sent_http_content_range"';

    client_header_timeout  3m;
    client_body_timeout    3m;
    send_timeout           3m;

    client_header_buffer_size    1k;
    large_client_header_buffers  4 4k;

    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length  1100;
    gzip_buffers     4 8k;
    gzip_types       text/plain;

    output_buffers   1 32k;
    postpone_output  1460;

    sendfile         on;
    tcp_nopush       on;
    tcp_nodelay      on;
    send_lowat       12000;

    keepalive_timeout  75 20;

    #lingering_time     30;
    #lingering_timeout  10;
    #reset_timedout_connection  on;


    server {
        listen        one.example.com;
        server_name   one.example.com  www.one.example.com;

        access_log   /var/log/nginx.access_log  main;

        location / {
            proxy_pass         http://127.0.0.1/;
            proxy_redirect     off;

            proxy_set_header   Host             $host;
            proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
            #proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;

            client_max_body_size       10m;
            client_body_buffer_size    128k;

            client_body_temp_path      /var/nginx/client_body_temp;

            proxy_connect_timeout      70;
            proxy_send_timeout         90;
            proxy_read_timeout         90;
            proxy_send_lowat           12000;

            proxy_buffer_size          4k;
            proxy_buffers              4 32k;
            proxy_busy_buffers_size    64k;
            proxy_temp_file_write_size 64k;

            proxy_temp_path            /var/nginx/proxy_temp;

            charset  koi8-r;
        }

        error_page  404  /404.html;

        location = /404.html {
            root  /spool/www;
        }

        location /old_stuff/ {
            rewrite   ^/old_stuff/(.*)$  /new_stuff/$1  permanent;
        }

        location /download/ {

            valid_referers  none  blocked  server_names  *.example.com;

            if ($invalid_referer) {
                #rewrite   ^/   http://www.example.com/;
                return   403;
            }

            #rewrite_log  on;

            # rewrite /download/*/mp3/*.any_ext to /download/*/mp3/*.mp3
            rewrite ^/(download/.*)/mp3/(.*)\..*$
                    /$1/mp3/$2.mp3                   break;

            root         /spool/www;
            #autoindex    on;
            access_log   /var/log/nginx-download.access_log  download;
        }

        location ~* \.(jpg|jpeg|gif)$ {
            root         /spool/www;
            access_log   off;
            expires      30d;
        }
    }
}

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